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Thursday, January 19

Friday, May 6

  1. page Bacterial Associations edited ... {Mitochondrial_E_Final.ppt} {14614.full.pdf} {Critique.doc} Human Microbiome and Indiv…
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    {Mitochondrial_E_Final.ppt}
    {14614.full.pdf}
    {Critique.doc}
    Human Microbiome and Individualized Response to Pharmaceuticals
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    Other examples of bacterial associations...
    Symbiosis of Hydrothermal Vent Gastropods with Chemosynthetic Endobacteria
    (view changes)
    9:40 am
  2. file Critique.doc uploaded
    9:39 am
  3. page Bacterial Associations edited ... {http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg} http://www.underwater.com.au/content/772…
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    {http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg} http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg
    The human microbiome has evolved from bacteria that originally developed in anaerobic environments, long before the development and rise of Homo sapiens. Phylogenetic analysis completed by a team of Montreal-based researchers attempted to reveal just how far back in time mitochondrial genetic information could be traced back, suggesting that mitochondria may have have been the original building block of animal based life before the hydrogenosome, an ATP-producing organelle found in bacterium. Through their research on Trichomonas vaginalis, they found that although they could not empirically exactly how far back mitochondria could be traced, characteristics evolving in each progressive lineage contributed to the success of the eukaryotic construction of the cell. The evolution of the eukaryotic cell and assisting bacterial lineages eventually supported the fact of a symbiotic relationship between human and bacteria, most actively studied in modern day research via the human gut. A wealth of microflora are now responsible for the manner in which humans respond directly to pharmaceutical drugs and other synthetic treatments. However, cometabolic activities between both species of bacteria and the organs supporting them must be continuously studied to understand exactly how our research has brought us from the building blocks of ATP production to the treatment of sicknesses and ailments that affect us everyday.
    {http://employees.csbsju.edu/hjakubowski/classes/ch331/oxphos/mitochondria.gif} http://employees.csbsju.edu/hjakubowski/classes/ch331/oxphos/mitochondria.gif
    {Mitochondrial_E_Final.ppt}
    {14614.full.pdf}
    Human Microbiome and Individualized Response to Pharmaceuticals
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    Other examples of bacterial associations...
    Symbiosis of Hydrothermal Vent Gastropods with Chemosynthetic Endobacteria
    (view changes)
    8:42 am

Thursday, May 5

  1. page Bacterial Associations edited ... {14614.full.pdf} Human Microbiome and Individualized Response to Pharmaceuticals __ Othe…
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    {14614.full.pdf}
    Human Microbiome and Individualized Response to Pharmaceuticals
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    Other examples of bacterial associations...
    Symbiosis of Hydrothermal Vent Gastropods with Chemosynthetic Endobacteria
    (view changes)
    3:14 pm
  2. page Bacterial Associations edited ... Squid and Vibrio fischeri {http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg} http://www.un…
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    Squid and Vibrio fischeri
    {http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg} http://www.underwater.com.au/content/7729/squid.jpg
    The human microbiome has evolved from bacteria that originally developed in anaerobic environments, long before the development and rise of Homo sapiens. Phylogenetic analysis completed by a team of Montreal-based researchers attempted to reveal just how far back in time mitochondrial genetic information could be traced back, suggesting that mitochondria may have have been the original building block of animal based life before the hydrogenosome, an ATP-producing organelle found in bacterium. Through their research on Trichomonas vaginalis, they found that although they could not empirically exactly how far back mitochondria could be traced, characteristics evolving in each progressive lineage contributed to the success of the eukaryotic construction of the cell. The evolution of the eukaryotic cell and assisting bacterial lineages eventually supported the fact of a symbiotic relationship between human and bacteria, most actively studied in modern day research via the human gut. A wealth of microflora are now responsible for the manner in which humans respond directly to pharmaceutical drugs and other synthetic treatments. However, cometabolic activities between both species of bacteria and the organs supporting them must be continuously studied to understand exactly how our research has brought us from the building blocks of ATP production to the treatment of sicknesses and ailments that affect us everyday.
    {Mitochondrial_E_Final.ppt}
    {14614.full.pdf}
    Human Microbiome and Individualized Response to Pharmaceuticals

    Other examples of bacterial associations...
    Symbiosis of Hydrothermal Vent Gastropods with Chemosynthetic Endobacteria
    (view changes)
    3:13 pm
  3. file 14614.full.pdf uploaded
    3:11 pm

Thursday, April 28

  1. page Miami Blue Butterfly Larvae and Ants edited ... Larvae and Ants Antsby Lauren Hartigan Miami Blue Butterfly: The Miami Blue butterfly,…

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    Larvae and AntsAntsby Lauren Hartigan
    Miami Blue Butterfly:
    The Miami Blue butterfly,Cyclargus thomasi bethunebakeri, is an endangered species of the lycaenid family that is native to southern Florida (5). The species inhabits mostly tropical costal areas or areas with beachside scrub or tropical pine rocklands (5). Over the past few decades the Miami Blue populations have been rapidly declining (5). Today only a small localized population remains inside a natural conservation area at Bahia Honda State Park in the Florida Keys (5).
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    The Camponotus floridanus ant species is also a native species of Florida (6).They are usually found most active at night and are usually found feeding on many plants native to the area including both plants that the Miami Blue usually lay their eggs on (6). In almost all surviving populations of the Miami Blue, this ant species has been found within the area. Usually two or three ants will protect any one larva (6). Although studies have been done to see if other ant species associate with the Lycaenid larvae the most dramatic connection seems to come from the Camponotus (6). Once the larvae enter into a pupae stage the ants no longer associate with the Miami Blue (5). In adulthood the two species have shown no signs of sharing any kind of remaining symbiotic connection (6).
    {http://www.alexanderwild.com/Ants/Taxonomic-List-of-Ant-Genera/Camponotus/floridanus7/664456123_iq9AA-S.jpg} http://www.alexanderwild.com/Ants/Taxonomic-List-of-Ant-Genera/Camponotus/floridanus7/664456123_iq9AA-S.jpg
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    Ant Symbiosis:
    Ant
    Ant and butterfly
    There is mutualistic relationship between the lycanid and ant species (2). The lycanids produce a sugary‐amino acid filled secretory liquid that feeds the ants (2). The Nutrients in the liquid provide some sort of nutritional value for the ants (2). Potentially the availability of this easy‐access nutrient supply may have added to an increase in the symbiotic behavior and the continued growth of the two species (2). With the presences of one species there is a need and a potential for the need of the other species.
    The ants primarily are there to protect the immature larval stage of the Miami Blue species (5). This more recent symbiosis seems to have aided in the continued reproduction of the Miami Blue (5). The larvae stage for the butterfly is extremely significant, because it provides the nutrients for the insects to enter into a pupal stage and mature into adulthood (4). Also at the larvae stage the insect is the most vulnerable and has no defense mechanisms (5). However, when the lycanoids reach adult maturity there is no longer any need for the ants (4). The ants presence never harms the butterfly (4).
    (view changes)
    7:49 am

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